The Ineternet in Sudan started in 1998 as a joint venture between Sudan Telecommunications Company (SUDATEL) and the Sudan Corporation of Broadcasting and Television as a dial-up service. A private company was licensed to provide a broadband wireless service beside the existing one. As from 1998 internet service was introduced by 2.5G technology through the licensed mobile service operators. In 2007 the internet service began to be provided by the 3G technologies (CDMA-EVxDO, UMTS) which facilitated a vast and dense ubiquity allover the country. That was sustained by the higher capacities made available from the submarine optic cables connected to global systems (FLAG).
The provision of the Internet service by the licensed public service operators with high speed and assorted packages led the working ISP’s to shrink considerably, in addition to the decline of the telephone fixed service and the increase of the mobile. This matter is being studied intensively by the NTC to remedy the situation particularly in the Telecom Act Update.
As the coverage, penetration and access to the internet service is still lower than expected despite the wide use of the web network in the country, NTC is managing to remedy the situation by formulating effective rules that can lead to increase the coverage and access facilities beside improving the affordability. Those goals are expected to be effective through universal service programs and the support of consultations with service providers and stakeholders.